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Korea’s Development and Public administration, 1948~2016: From the Perspective of State Apparatuses

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2017, 28(3), pp.1-52
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Eom, Seok-Jin 1 이서영 2 Ra, So-Young 2 양종욱 2

1서울대학교
2서울대학교 행정대학원 석사과정

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As an institutional foundation of the state, state apparatus has been regarded as one of the decisive factors of the stateness and state development. The institutional characteristics of the state apparatus have influence on public policy orientations as well as organizational structures in the public sector of the state, and, in turn, on economic and social development. In this vein, the purpose of this study is to analyze the changes and continuity of state apparatus and its contribution to the state development in Korea from 1948 to 2016 from the perspective of Marxist state apparatus theory. As a result of the analysis, the administration has responded to challenges of state development such as state-building, economic growth, democratization, and globalization/marketization. In the process of responding the challenges, the portion of production apparatuses which relate to economic development and capital accumulation has been generally high since 1948. In addition, welfare apparatus has grown up to cope with the expansion of public welfare service demand since 1997. Political apparatus also has increased since 1987 for responding to the pressure of democratization. With experiencing these changes, it is found that the main functions of the modern states such as consensus, production and integration has converged since 2010. Based on the results of this analysis, the theoretical and policy implications are suggested.

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