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A Study on Employment Policy Framing using Text Mining: A Comparative Analysis of Newspapers and National Assembly Minutes

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2020, 30(4), pp.135-163
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration
  • Received : January 3, 2020
  • Accepted : February 18, 2020
  • Published : February 28, 2020

Kim Kyungdong 1 Lee Si young 2 Ko, Kil Kon 1

1서울대학교
2주식회사 라프러스

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Understanding policy frames is essential to understand policies with complex contexts, such as employment policies. The frames needs to be addressed in the policy agenda process in particular, because it contributes to the actors’ awareness of social issues and to prioritizing their interests and goals. This study examines whether texts from various origins and times differently frame employment policy, in which conflicts among stakeholders are appeared to be most fierce. For analysis, we collect text data related to employment from Korea’s central and local newspapers and the National Assembly of Korea, and analyze them using topic modeling and network analysis. The result shows that six topics appear in the field of employment policy–internal environment, employment policy, youth employment, external environment, employment conflict and employment trend. The importance of topics vary according to forum; internal environment emerges as the most important topic in central newspapers, whereas youth employment and employment policy is the most important in local newspapers and the National Assembly, respectively. The result also shows that internal environment topic has been discussed under political frames while external environment topic under economic frames. In addition, the National Assembly appears to frame employment policy topic from the viewpoint of cost, whereas central newspapers frame the same topic from the viewpoint of demand, indicating that employment policy has an attribution of redistribution policy. The different frames of employment-related discussions in the media and the National Assembly can be interpreted as a result of the comprehensive nature of the employment problem. Alternatives without considering the complex context of employment policy are likely to cause the qualitative deterioration of the labor market. Therefore, it is necessary to take into account the various frames of employment policy.

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