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Effects of Self-stretching and Joint Mobilization to Upper Thoracic Vertebrae in Craniovertebral Angle and Autonomic System Function in Chronic Cervical Pain

  • Journal of the Korean Society of Physical Medicine
  • Abbr : J Korean Soc Phys Med
  • 2018, 13(2), pp.61-68
  • DOI : 10.13066/kspm.2018.13.2.61
  • Publisher : The Korean Society of Physical Medicine
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Physical Therapy > Other physical therapy
  • Received : March 15, 2018
  • Accepted : March 27, 2018
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Nam Ki Won 1 seo dong yel 2 KIM SE HUN 2

1동신대학교 물리치료학과
2동신대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of self-stretching (SS) and joint mobilization (JM) on pain, craniovertebral angle (CVA), autonomic system function in chronic cervical pain patient with forward head posture (FHP). METHODS: A total of 30 male college students were selected as study subjects, and were divided into Group Ⅰ (general physical therapy; GPT, n=10), Group Ⅱ (GPT+SS, n=10), Group Ⅲ (GPT+JM, n=10). All groups were evaluated three times a week for 4 weeks. Pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS), CVA was measured using digital goniometer and autonomic system function (heart rate; HR, skin conductivity; SC, LF norm, HF norm, LF/HF ratio) was measured by Biofeedback ProComp Infiniti. After 4 weeks, paired t-test was used to compare the changes within the group and one way ANOVA was used to compare those between the groups. RESULTS: In Group I, VAS was significantly decreased. In Group II and Ⅲ was a significantly change in all items. In comparison between Group I and II was a difference in all items except HR. In comparison between Group I and Ⅲ was a difference in all items. In comparison between Group II and Ⅲ was a difference in VAS, LF norm and LF/HF ratio. CONCLUSION: This study showed that SS and JM can effectively reduce pain and normalize the autonomic system function.

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