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An analysis of linguistic accuracy in Korean university students’ narrative and argumentative writing

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2014, 15(2), pp.21-46
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching

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1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purposes of this study were to investigate (1) the effects of two different modesof discourse, i.e., narrative and argument, on the level of linguistic accuracy ofcompositions written by Korean university EFL students; (2) the relationship betweenthe level of writing proficiency and linguistic accuracy of compositions written ineach mode. The writing samples were obtained from 78 Korean university students,rated using a holistic rubric, and then divided into three groups on the basis of writingproficiency. Analysis of data revealed no significant influence of two modes ofdiscourse on the overall frequency of errors. Yet, paired t-test analysis showed, of the 64 subcategories of error classification, statistically significant discourse mode effects were observed for 16 subcategories. One-way ANOVA, Welch ANOVA, andPearson correlation analysis illustrated that EFTs (the number of error-free T-units)best discriminated between different proficiency levels and seems to be the mostreliable measure of linguistic accuracy. In addition, group comparison of error typeswith Welch ANOVA test demonstrated that group differences were significant forfour error types in narrative mode and for seven error types in argumentative mode. Implications for L2 writing instruction and assessment are discussed.

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