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Korean EFL Learners’ Use of Complex RCs in a CMC Context

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2018, 19(1), pp.29-37
  • DOI : 10.18095/meeso.2018.19.1.03
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching
  • Published : February 28, 2018

Kim, Chae-Eun 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The researcher discussed second language (L2) English learners’ motivation as well as their development of syntactic structures with special focus on the complex structures used in computer-mediated communication (CMC). A particular focus of the study is learners’ use of English relative clauses (RCs). The researcher assumed that language complexity can be distributed based on L2 learners’ particular RC preference. Eighteen Korean EFL learners participated in a set number of internet chat sessions with Japanese university students. A total of 62 tokens of natural RCs were found in the data set. The findings of the study showed that 1) the learners produced only subject and direct object RCs, and they produced the two RC types in almost equal number; 2) most of direct object RCs used by EFL learners in computer chatting had an inanimate head noun; and 3) the subject of direct object RCs involved mainly pronouns. Therefore, the researcher concluded that EFL learner’s production of direct object RCs can reflect their strategies for planning their production pattern, which reduces the processing load of the parser. In addition, the present study’s results are very similar to previous findings on English RCs in both corpus studies and experimental works.

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