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English education in South Korea during the U.S. military government occupation and the first national curriculum: Focus on newspaper article analysis

  • Modern English Education
  • Abbr : MEESO
  • 2018, 19(3), pp.22-34
  • DOI : 10.18095/meeso.2018.19.3.03
  • Publisher : The Modern English Education Society
  • Research Area : Humanities > English Language and Literature > English Language Teaching
  • Published : August 31, 2018

Kim, Tae Young 1 Jie Young Kim 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines how the English education system in the midst a disorganized social situation was stabilized as a formal curriculum from 1945 to 1963. This research categorized the collected newspaper articles into two phases of English education: The U.S. military government period and the first Korean national curriculum period. While noting that the periods are important to understand how the early English curriculum had evolved in Korea, this study suggests that these periods function as stepping stones to investigate the transitional nature of the English curriculum in Korea. English education during the U.S. military government period featured a variety of English activities and lectures intended to foster communication skills in English to develop an amicable relationship with the United States. In this period, the textbooks imported from the U.S. were regarded difficult for Korean secondary students to use. This U.S. military government facilitated establishing the education system in South Korea, but it lacked education experts and appropriate textbooks for Korean students. However, the Korean government tried to educate teachers and revise the textbooks. In this period, Korean educators attempted to establish an education system independent from the U.S. aid, which affected the subsequent second national curriculum in the 1960s.

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