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Influencing Factors of Breastfeeding Behavior on Mothers of Infants with Congenital Heart Disease

  • Global Health and Nursing
  • Abbr : Global Health Nurs
  • 2020, 10(2), pp.108-119
  • DOI : 10.35144/ghn.2020.10.2.108
  • Publisher : Research Institute of Nursing Science
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Nursing Science
  • Received : May 15, 2020
  • Accepted : July 21, 2020
  • Published : July 31, 2020

An, Hyejin 1 SON HYUN MI 2

1부산대학교 어린이병원
2부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing the breastfeeding behavior of mothers of infants with congenital heart disease, focusing on Health Belief Model. Methods: The participants were 130 mothers of infants with congenital heart disease recruited from the outpatient clinic at the pediatric heart center of a hospital. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires consisting of breastfeeding behavior, perceived threat of infant’s disease, perceived benefits and barriers of breastfeeding, breastfeeding self-efficacy, and cues to action. Results: Only 40.0% of the participants were breastfeeding, and the average breastfeeding duration was 1.31 months. The factors influencing breastfeeding behavior of mothers of infants with congenital heart disease were direct breastfeeding (OR=2.76), breastfeeding support (OR=1.57), and breastfeeding self-efficacy (OR=1.08). Conclusion: Compared with mothers of normal baby, the breastfeeding rate of infants with congenital heart disease is very low and their duration of breastfeeding is very short. Based on the results of this study, encouraging direct breastfeeding and increasing breastfeeding self-efficacy can be effective strategies to promote breastfeeding for mothers of infants with congenital heart disease.

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