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Effects of Auricular Acupressure on Primary Dysmenorrhea and Depression in Adult Unmarried Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Global Health and Nursing
  • Abbr : Global Health Nurs
  • 2023, 13(1), pp.10-20
  • DOI : 10.35144/ghn.2023.13.1.10
  • Publisher : Research Institute of Nursing Science
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Nursing Science
  • Received : September 28, 2022
  • Accepted : December 15, 2022
  • Published : January 31, 2023

Choi, Jong Min 1 Lee, Eun Jin 1 Kim, Myung Sin 1 Na, Hye Won 1

1인하대학교 간호학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study investigated the effect of auricular acupressure on primary dysmenorrhea and depression in adult unmarried women. Methods: This study used a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. Data were collected from April 25 to June 10, 2022. Forty women with primary dysmenorrhea with an NRS (Numerical rating scale) score of 5 points or more, were recruited. The experimental group (n=20) attached auricular acupressure stickers for a week, starting the day before menstruation, and the control group (n=20) was provided brochures on relieving primary dysmenorrhea. Auricular acupressure stickers were applied to the points of the uterus (Triangular Fossa 5, TF5), shenmen (Triangular Fossa 2, TF2), endocrine (Inferior Concha 2, IC2), and lumbar vertebrae (Antihelix 2, AH2). Descriptive statistics, an independent t-test, and a paired t-test were used for the analysis. Results: Menstrual pain (p<.001) and depression (p<.001) significantly decreased after auricular acupressure in the experimental group. Physical symptoms (p=.035), mood change (p=.020), and body water retention (p=.023) related to primary dysmenorrhea also significantly decreased. Conclusion: Auricular acupressure can help relieve physical symptoms and depression in adult unmarried women suffering from primary dysmenorrhea.

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