The Sociolinguistic Journal of Korea 2022 KCI Impact Factor : 0.59

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pISSN : 1226-4822
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2023, Vol.31, No.4

  • 1.

    The Speech Act of Explanation in Closure Signs

    Lee Hye-Kyung | 2023, 31(4) | pp.1~32 | number of Cited : 0
    This study investigates the speech act of explanation within a corpus of approximately 243 closure signs posted during the Covid-19 pandemic in Korea. Using a classification system derived from Bella and Ogiermann (2022), the explanations are categorized into four distinct groups. Category 1 explanations are further divided into three subcategories: signs revealing the relationships between government decisions and closures, those with expressions of support for official mandates, and those presenting dissent with closure directives. A comparative analysis between the third sub-category and pandemic-related activities (i.e., My Body My Choice Activities) is also conducted, highlighting similarities and differences. Category 2 centers on safety concerns, emphasizing public health and safety as the primary justification for closures. Notably, this category showcases an elevated sense of agency among sign authors. Explanations in Category 3 combine Categories 1 and 2. Category 4 explanations, which attribute closure to Covid-19, necessitate an investigation of terms referring to Covid-19. It is observed that the naming closely adheres to normative and public guidelines, reflecting a collective awareness of the crisis and a commitment to cooperation. The findings contribute valuable insights into the linguistic and cultural characteristics of explanations within Korean business closure signs, indicating phenomena specific to Korean communities.
  • 2.

    Refining Social Strata Variables in Korean Sociolinguistic Variation Research

    Ye-Eun Jeong , Kim Seung rae , CHOI MINGYEONG and 3 other persons | 2023, 31(4) | pp.33~69 | number of Cited : 0
    This paper critically assesses existing studies on Korean language variation by social strata, proposing alternative approaches to address issues related to these variables. Previous researches have involved papers hierarchically categorizing social strata variables based on common perceptions or assigning weights to them arbitrarily. However, the impact of social strata variables and their weights on language variation remains unknown without thorough data collection and statistical analysis. Consequently, we emphasize the need for a more comprehensive presentation of social strata variables through an interdisciplinary approach taking into account sociological, economic, and political foundations, and stress the necessity of statistical test, observing the influence of each variable on linguistic forms through regression models.
  • 3.

    A Study on Acculturation and Korean Language Learning Motivation of Marriage-Immigrant Women

    JU WOALRANG | 2023, 31(4) | pp.71~98 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study aimed to determine the patterns of Korean language learning motivation according to the acculturation of marriage-immigrant women. To this end, this researcher applied cluster analysis to a total of 90 questionnaires based on Berry’s Acculturation Model (BAM), using SPSS to verify differences in Korean language learning motivation by type of acculturation. The cluster analysis of acculturation was classified into four types: Marginalization, Segregation, Assimilation, and Integration. Differences in Korean language learning motivation were analyzed according to the acculturation type. There was no significant difference between the groups, except for the ideal self group, which had high Marginalization and Segregation but low Assimilation and Integration. The results indicate that when types of acculturation change from Marginalization and Segregation to Integration and Assimilation, Korean language learning motivation related to the ideal self can decrease. There are various reasons for this change in the motivation to learn Korean. The current content of the Korean language curriculum is limited to the roles of mothers and wives at home; that is, it reduces their Korean language learning motivation to an instrumental motivation for performing their roles at home, rather than for their personal development. This study revealed that marriage-immigrant women’s motivation to learn Korean can change depending on their type of acculturation. However, the analysis of only quantitative research data is a limitation of the study.
  • 4.

    Exploring Intertextuality in Korean Mother-in-law and Daughter-in-law Discourse

    Yoojin Kang | 2023, 31(4) | pp.99~120 | number of Cited : 0
    This study explores the intricacies of intertextuality within the conflict dynamics between a mother-in-law and a daughter-in-law. By adopting an intertextual perspective that draws upon the analytical frameworks presented by van Langenhove and Harre (1999) on positioning and Tannen’s (2006) insights regarding recycling, reframing, and rekeying, this study sheds light on a significant social and cultural phenomenon. Through the application of these theoretical concepts, this study aims to unravel the ways in which a Korean mother-in-law engages in the recycling, reframing, and rekeying of arguments related to the expectations of being a good daughter-in-law. Additionally, it examines the distinct positioning of both the mother-in-law and the daughter-in-law in two conflict themes. The primary focus is on understanding the interconnection between these conflict themes and analyzing whether the positions of the mother-in-law and the daughter-in-law in one conflict undergo changes when navigating the other conflict.
  • 5.

    A Socio-onomastic Study of the Recent Trends and Characteristics of Koreans’ Names

    Seo-Rah Lee , Kang Hyeonseok | 2023, 31(4) | pp.121~147 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study examines the latest trends and changes in Korean naming practice within the socio-onomastic framework. Using the data from the website of the Supreme Court of Korea, the present research analyzes the linguistic features of baby names registered between 2010 and 2021 and identifies how these features reflect the social and cultural characteristics of Korea. The study focuses on popular names (and their first and last letters), syllable structure, types of the coda consonant, and unisex names. The most preferred names for males and females were ‘서준 (Seo-Jun)’ and ‘서윤 (Seo-Yun)’, respectively. Both male and female names showed a preference for ‘지(Ji)’ as the first letter of the name. ‘준 (Jun)’ and ‘은 (Eun)’ were the most frequently used second letter for male names and female names, respectively. For both male and female names, the syllable structure without a coda is increasing while the CVC structure is rapidly decreasing. For both genders, ‘ㄴ’ is the coda consonant with the highest frequency. Male names were found to end with a coda such as ‘ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅇ, ㅊ’, but the use of obstruents ‘ㄱ’, ‘ㅂ’ is sharply decreasing. For female names, ‘ㄴ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅇ’ were almost categorically used for the final coda. The study also finds that ‘unisex names’ have significantly increased since the 1970s in Korea.
  • 6.

    Question Tags in Korean Conversation: Displaying and Soliciting Empathy for Managing Delicate Action

    Kim Kyu-hyun | 2023, 31(4) | pp.149~173 | number of Cited : 0
    From the perspective of conversation analysis, this study analyzes utterances formatted with a question tag constructed as the tag-type clause kuci, “Isn’t it?.” Based on an examination of naturally occurring talk-in-interaction, it is argued that question tags, though generally intended to be a recipiency-mobilizing resource, serve primarily as a resource for empathy display and are geared toward retroactively managing the various “delicate” actions that their host utterance implements. Formulated as post-predicate elements, their use indicates the speaker’s trust that the recipient will provide an affiliative response by sharing the empathic stance exhibited in their host utterance. The kuci-speaker’s orientation toward soliciting the recipient’s affiliative uptake is frequently reciprocated by the recipient, who registers the “delicate character” of the kuci-marked utterance’s action by producing variously “nuanced” responses, for example, in a way that is empathically other-attentive, obliquely affiliative, or mildly resistant.
  • 7.

    Analysis of Language Use and Characteristics of Korean Bestseller Book Titles over the Past Five Years

    Eunha Park | 2023, 31(4) | pp.175~201 | number of Cited : 0
    Abstract PDF
    This study analyzed linguistic composition of titles of recent best-selling books in online bookstores over the past five years. Additionally, we sought to understand the characteristics and social aspects of the words appearing in the book. The results of the analysis of the composition of book names show that the number of book titles written in Hangul or with Hangul and numbers was the most common over the past five years. In terms of length, the book titles were most frequently between four and eight syllables long. The most frequent names utilized nouns or noun phrases, followed by full sentences, and the plain-type Haerache ranked third. As a result of analyzing the words in the title of the books, when the title of the book over the past five years was displayed in Wordcloud, the words in the TOEIC test books and the title of the comic books were visualized in large format. As a result of examining the frequency of words in Boyant-tool, the number of numbers(1, 2) that did not appear in Wordcloud was the highest, followed by words from TOEIC test books and comic books.
  • 8.

    The Dialog Pattern of Voice Phishing Conversation: Focusing on the Impersonation of an Investigative Agency

    BaeSeungHui , CHOI MINGYEONG , Haeyong Lee | 2023, 31(4) | pp.203~233 | number of Cited : 0
    This study examined the dialog pattern in the structure and progress of conversations by analyzing actual voice phishing conversations. The study aimed to reconstruct the Dialog Pattern by synthesizing the structure of the conversation and the pattern of the development process found in several actual conversations. The dialog pattern of voice phishing is divided into six functional phases: approaching the victim, threatening criminal involvement, social isolation, vertical relationship enhancement, induction of withdrawal, and check withdrawal. The process of the voice phishing criminal exercising power over the victim and attempting financial fraud by unilaterally leading the conversation was demonstrated in each derived phase. This study provides basic data for the study of voice phishing conversations and can be used in education related to the prevention of voice phishing damage in the future.
  • 9.

    Analysis of Netizens' Attitudes Toward the Language of K-pop Lyrics: Focusing on BTS

    Lee Jeongbok | 2023, 31(4) | pp.235~277 | number of Cited : 0
    This study analyzes the language of K-pop lyrics and netizens’ attitudes toward it to clarify the relationship between K-pop lyrics and the Korean language. The number of K-pop songs written in English is increasing, and the proportion of English in the lyrics is high as well. There has also been an increase in the number of songs having only English lyrics. In addition, there are many songs whose lyrics have been changed to Japanese to promote them in Japan. Some netizens had a positive attitude toward foreign language lyrics and stated that they were aware that K-pop was expanding overseas and catering to fans worldwide; therefore, the use of foreign language lyrics was understandable. Furthermore, they stated that such lyrics were good because they provided a different feeling. However, negative attitudes were stronger because many felt that the lyrics of K-pop songs that used large amounts of English were not easily comprehensible, blurred the identity of K-pop, and lowered the quality of the songs. The researchers believe that having Korean lyrics is the minimum requirement for K-pop, and when K-pop maintains its identity and receives love worldwide, the Korean and Hangul that support it will also receive global attention.
  • 10.

    Speech Adjustment in Adverb According to the Gender of the Recipient

    조성원 | 2023, 31(4) | pp.279~305 | number of Cited : 0
    This article aims to examine the use of adverbs by Korean men and women in conversations with each other, depending on the gender of the interlocutor. It has long been argued in sociolinguistics that language use of one gender to the other can clearly adjusted, even if they belong to the same social group. Gender of the receiver, in this sense, can be considered as a factor in context which fosters certain speech-adjusting behavior. If men and women use different languages, typical gender specific speech style may be present in the speaker recognition, and as a result, intentional or unintentional accommodation may occur. However, there has been no research on how the speech of one gender is accommodated by the other gender in Korean. The frequency difference between male and female speakers were significantly smaller in single-gender dyads compared to mixed gender dyads, which leads to conclusion that speakers mimic more of receiver’s speech style when conversating with opposite gender.