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The Establishment of the Crafts Section and the Argument on Folk in the Korean Art Exhibitions

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2017, (75), pp.357-379
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..75.201711.357
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : August 30, 2017
  • Accepted : October 27, 2017
  • Published : November 30, 2017

Lee, Sang-Jin 1

1山梨英和大学

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper deals with the ‘folk’concept of the Korean Art Exhibition, which was held during the colonial period. The word ‘folk’ comesfrom the word ‘Heimat- Kunst (folk art)’,which came into existence in Germany during the 19th century. In the1910s, many young Koreans came to Japan and saw the process of young Japanese receiving the western culture for the modernization of Japan. After they returned to Korea, they took the modern western culture that they had learned in Japan into their literary activities, which is when the concept ‘folk’ was born in the Korean art world. By analyzing the background for the establishment of the ‘crafts section’ and the argument on ‘Folk, I clarified the influence of the actions by Asakawa Noritaka and Yanagi Muneyoshi. Asakawa and Yanagi found the National Folk Museum of Korea in the 1920s, and by that, a ‘crafts fad’ was arising in both, Japan and Korea. Their actions made an influence to the styles of the works, and to the judges’ screening standard of the Korean Art Exhibitions. These led to a strong consciousness of ‘Folk’ expression.

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