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Interrogative Sentences Appearing in Essays by Korean Students of Japanese and Native Japanese Speakers With a focus on interrogatives ending with “-desu ka” or “-masu ka”

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2019, (80), pp.131-147
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..80.201902.131
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 27, 2018
  • Accepted : February 1, 2019
  • Published : February 28, 2019

IIHOSHI KAZUYA 1

1상명대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article considers the differences and similarities among Korean students of the Japanese language (hereafter, “KR”) and native Japanese speakers (hereafter, “JP”) using both quantitative and usage analysis of interrogative sentences in essays they wrote in Japanese on the topic of “Your Opinion on Tobacco.” The focus was on interrogative sentences ending with “-desu ka” or “-masu ka” (hereafter, “-desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives”), examining the characteristics of how these -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives were expressed and used. First, the quantitative analysis results showed that 1: KR used interrogatives less frequently than JP; 2: ten examples of -desu ka/-masu ka interrogative usage were seen in KR essays only, all of which were unnatural; 3: the KR students who wrote these -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives had been learning Japanese for between 4 and 44 months. Next, the usage analysis results showed that 1: interrogatives were used by KR and JP in essentially the same way; 2: the -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives seen in KR essays were found in all three classifications of interrogatives; 3: -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives tended to be found most commonly in the usage where the writer was expressing a negative development of the proposition. Future studies will need to examine why KR use unnatural -desu ka/-masu ka interrogatives.

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