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Regional Differences in the Usage of the Discourse Marker “Hora”: Comparison between the Younger Generations in Tokyo and Osaka

  • Journal of Japanese Culture
  • 2020, (84), pp.205-219
  • DOI : 10.21481/jbunka..84.202002.205
  • Publisher : The Japanese Culture Association Of Korea (Jcak)
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 26, 2019
  • Accepted : January 30, 2020
  • Published : February 29, 2020

Keum jong ae 1

1충남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

“Hora” is a discourse marker that is used in communication to emphasize information that has already been shared, or can be shared in the future, to direct conversations on the basis of the information. In this paper, differences in the usage pattern of “hora” between the younger generations in Tokyo and Osaka were analyzed. It was observed that the discourse marker “hora” appeared more often in Tokyo than in Osaka. This suggests that the younger generation in Tokyo has a communicational tendency of reminding listeners of their shared information, and leading the conversation accordingly. This tendency was comparatively weaker in Osaka. Therefore, we can infer that differences in the usage pattern of discourse markers can lead to miscommunication among various regional people despite the fact that a common language might be used in those regions.

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