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Korean Children's Causal Explanations from Everyday Conversation: Based on Physical, Biological, and Psychological Knowledge

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2005, 18(3), pp.21-40
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

Young-Suk Kim 1 이현진 1 김경아 1

1영남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research examines the causal explanations that 10 Korean-speaking children gave in everyday conversations recorded from 1;11 to 6;4 years of age. We analyze 4,957 codable explanations by focusing on the entity targeted for explanations(e. g., person, animal, object), the explanatory mode of causal reasoning(e. g., psychological, physical, biological knowledge), and interrelations between these elements. The results showed that children's explanations dealt with various entities(persons, animals, and objects) and incorporated diverse modes(physical, biological, psychological, and social-conventional reasoning). Children can also pair the entities with their appropriate explanatory modes. This means that children's explanation can be appropriately constrained by a flexible causal reasoning system. We conclude that children use distinguishably three basic reasoning systems as early as two years of age; physical, psychological, and biological systems. This can be interpreted in the sense that these reasoning systems might incorporate intriguing aspects of naive theories of physics, biology, and psychology.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.