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The use of moral orientation of Korean adults in their experienced moral dilemmas

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2004, 17(2), pp.123-140
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

백혜정 1

1동덕여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to examine the use of moral orientations of 60 Korean adults(40 university students and 20 public servants) in their experienced moral dilemmas based on Gilligan's theory of moral orientations. The researcher has explored what kinds of dilemma situations the participants had experienced, what they had oriented to solve the dilemmas and what sub-categories had appeared in each orientation through analysing the participants' answers. As results, the dilemma situations that the participants had reported seemed to have common factors and were divided into three categories-the personal situation, the impersonal situation and the mixed situation. Also, the university students did not show gender difference in the use of moral orientations and both groups of the university students and the public servants tended to choose care orientation more than justice orientation. However, a group difference was found in the use of moral orientations across the dilemma situations. When exploring the contents in each moral orientation, the researchers has divided them into several sub-categories and found that the preference of the sub-categories differed across the groups. The researcher tried to explain these results in terms of cultural influences, dilemma situations and the characteristics of the groups.

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