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Testing the Extreme Male Brain Theory of Autism

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2011, 24(1), pp.19-38
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

김혜리 1 Jaisun Koo 2 Kyungmi Kim 3 KIM BUNG-NYUN ORD ID 4 Kim, Jae-Won 4 Min Park 5 박수진 6 Tae Won Park ORD ID 7 Son, Jung-woo 1 Min-Sup Shin ORD ID 4 Haeyoung Yang 1 Yoo, Hee Jeong ORD ID 4 YOON HYO WOON 8 이승복 1 정명숙 9 Un-Sun Chung ORD ID 10 조경자 1 조인희 11 SooChurl Cho 4 차화정 1 CHOI HYEON OK 1

1충북대학교
2중앙대학교
3선문대학교
4서울대학교
5나사렛대학교
6연세대학교
7전북대학교
8대구사이버대학교
9꽃동네대학교
10경북대학교
11가천의과학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study tested the extreme male brain (EMB) theory of autism. According to EMB theory, people with autism show an extreme of the male profile in terms of empathizing and systemizing, that is low empathizing and high systemizing. Two groups of children matched with verbal mental age (36-90 months) participated: children with autism and typically developing children. Each participants were given TOM tasks, and their mothers were asked to complete the children's versions of the Empathy Quotient (EQ-C), Systemizing Quotient (SQ-C) and Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ-C). The autism spectrum condition group scored significantly lower than control on the TOM Tasks and EQ-C, and significantly higher on AQ-C, but there were no differences on the SQ-C. In addition, EQ-C and TOM were positively correlated to AQ-C, but not correlated to SQ-C. The EMB theory of autism has not been supported.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.