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Developmental change in reading the emotional states from the voice tone of speech

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2012, 25(1), pp.153-167
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

박찬옥 1 Ghim, Hei-rhee 1

1충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the developmental change in reading the emotional states from the voice tone of speech. Seven- and 9-year-old children and adults judged whether the speaker was happy or fearful from cues conveyed by the content and affective vocal tone of speech. When the emotionally neutral contents were uttered with happy or fearful voice tone, all three groups relied on voice tone. In contrast, when the contents of utterances were about happy or fearful situations, the judgments differed according to the two factors; the content of speech, and the congruity of information conveyed by the content and affective vocal tone of speech. In case of happy utterances, all three groups relied on voice tone regardless of the congruity of information conveyed by the two cues. In contrast, group differences had been found in case of fearful utterances: Seven-year-olds relied on the voice tone less in the incongruent condition than in the congruent condition, but adults relied on the voice tone more in the incongruent condition. The present results demonstrate that as children get older, they rely more on the voice tone when the two cues convey incongruent information about the emotional states of speaker.

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