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Relationship among Children’s Unrealistically Optimistic Beliefs, intelligence, and delay of gratification in preschool age

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2015, 28(4), pp.71-85
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

Kim Yeonsoo 1 kjkwak 1

1서울대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the relationship among the unrealistically optimistic beliefs, intelligence and delay of gratification at early childhood. Sixty-six children participated at the age 4. The level of optimistic belief was measured using the malleability of negative traits and stability of positive traits over time and children's intelligence by K-WPPSI and children's delay of gratification was measured by the marshmallow task(Mischel & Baker, 1975). Our results revealed that high optimistic belief at early childhood was significantly related to their longer delay of gratification. This study examined optimistic belief at early childhood not as a psychological deficit but as a positive strength and proved that this trait was related with self-regulation such as delay of gratification.

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