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The Development and Inner Structure Exploration of a Scale to Measure the Peer Initiative of Young Children

  • THE KOREAN JOURNAL OF DEVELOPMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY
  • 2017, 30(3), pp.1-24
  • Publisher : The Korean Society For Developmental Psychology
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science

BYUN HYE WEON 1 Sung, Jihyun 2

1가천대학교 세살마을연구원
2성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to develop a scale of peer initiative with 327 young children aged 3-5 years. The statistical programs of SPSS 21.0 and MPLUS 7 were used to analyze data and 2 factors and 39 items were identified. The factor names were “friendly” and “unfriendly” peer initiatives respectively. Peer initiative is the role of the child who is interested in controlling or leading peers in the play process. The child who leads the play in a friendly way plays the game through the play definition, explanation, suggestion, information provision, negotiation, and provides a structure for the play to proceed smoothly. The young child who leads the play in an unfriendly way plays the role of controlling his friend at will through play command, rejection, threat, and disregard. To confirm the validity of this scale, we conducted a correlation analysis with peer competence and leadership scales. As a result, it was found that there were high correlations among peer initiative, peer competence, and leadership in young children.

Citation status

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