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The Global View of Shimazaki Toson's Ode on a White Urn - Comparing with Keats' Ode on a Grecian Urn -

  • 日本硏究
  • 2013, (34), pp.239-260
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : February 20, 2013

Choi SoonYook 1

1서울신학대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The aim of this thesis is to compare and re-interpret Shimazaki Toson's Ode on a White Urn with Keats' Ode on a Grecian Urn which has still been mystified by most of critics and readers who have mainly been pinned down to the mythic parts of the poem. As a concrete research measure, at first, it was to pursue the trace of Keats' Ode on a Grecian Urn. secondly to pursue the trace of presentness in parallel expressed on Toson's. As the method of criticism, the Text-criticism is to deal with Keats' Ode on a Grecian Urn, comparing with Toson's. Toson read mostly the english romantics : Shelley, Byron, Keats, Coleridge, and Wordsworth. For the first stanza, Harold Bloom tells us the mythic level centering on the patterns of the “Urn.” Here “Urn” is an art in itself visible to us. We finds the poet’s fate of being forced to keep on singing regardless of his contemporaries’ concerns and tastes, which shows Keats and Toson's agony losing universality and popularity for his works. In conclusion, Keats and Toson foregrounds the “Urn” and backgrounds significance of art and simultaneously sets mythic historicity and contemporary presentness in parallel. This is concerned with the oracular message to blind readers over centuries : “Beauty is truth, truth beauty, - that is all. / Ye know on earth, and all ye need to know.”

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