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Formation Mechanism of Japanese University Students’ Image of Koreans : A Proposal of an Image Formation Model

  • 日本硏究
  • 2013, (35), pp.285-302
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : August 20, 2013

Oh, Jeong-Bae 1

1일본학술진흥회 외국인특별연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to describe in detail the formation mechanism of Japanese university students' image of Koreans and to reveal how Korean language learning influences that image. In order to systematically examine the factors related to the image of Koreans, two questionnaire surveys were conducted in two phases at five Japanese universities. A model for the formation of five Korean images ― to include “a friendly neighbor,” “passionate depicter,” “person who has strong feelings,” “person who has anti-Japanese sentiment,” and “person who is competent and diligent” ― was derived from a factor analysis and regression analysis of the data. The findings are as follows: (1) the images of a “person who has anti-Japanese sentiment” and a “person who is competent and diligent” are socially shared; (2) the images of “a friendly neighbor” and “passionate depicter” illustrate the characteristics of communication behavior among Koreans; (3) the effect of Korean language learning on the image of Koreans is indirect ― for example, improvement in one's Korean language ability promotes direct experience such as contact with Koreans or visiting Korea, as well as the diversification of the information source and, consequently, influences the image of Koreans; and (4) while Korean language learning contributes to the decrease of stereotypes and prejudice against Koreans, it produces other preconceptions about them.

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