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The meanings and functions of “sue” with a noun -A comparative study between the Meiji-Era and the present-

  • 日本硏究
  • 2015, (39), pp.43-57
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Published : August 20, 2015

BAHNG, YOON HYUNG 1

1수원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The meanings and functions of “sue” with a noun -A comparative study between the Meiji-Era and the present- This paper analyzes several meanings and functions of “sue” connected with a noun. In the paper, the usages of “sue” are mainly focused by comparing the two periods between Meiji-era and the present. Regarding the meanings and functions of “sue” connected with a noun, the two different cases in the study are described as follows. ① The first case of “sue” represents the space where a front noun exists. In this case, the goods noun and the noun representing body parts are used in the front noun, and designated patterns are used in the predicate. This usage was often used in Meiji-era, but it is never shown in the present. “N+sue” plays an important role as a hogo in the sentence, and the predicate controls the “N+sue”. ② The second case of “sue” represents the time which a front noun indicates. A movement noun and a time noun are used in the front noun, and the various types of predicates are used. “N+sue” does function as a jyokyogo in the sentence, and the predicate excludes the “N+sue”. Summarizing the above two cases, we can conclude that the pseudo noun “sue” connected to a noun preserves the historical changes up to Meiji-era, while it gets gradual changes from Meiji-era to the present.

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