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The Usage of 「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 Sentence Pattern of Adjective Predicative Construction

Haehwan Park 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article investigates and analyzes the relationship between sentence constructions and meaning of words in adjective predicative sentences that have 「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 pattern, from the sentence-pattern-logical point of view. As a result, major usages of 「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 sentence pattern were as follows. ①「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 sentence pattern was used in almost every meaning range. The exceptions were 'Sitasii' of Kankei-Sinso, 'Chikai, Tooi' of Kankei-Idou, 'Ii' of Ryouteki- Manzokujuubun, 'Chuyoi, Moroi, Yowai' of Chikara Taisei, 'Medetai' of Kengu, 'Medetai' of Kikkyou and etc. ②「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 sentence pattern can be converted into one-category sentence that has 「N1ha・ga+A」 pattern in almost every meaning range. But, converting of 'Chikai, Tooi' of Kankei-Idou, 'Ii' of Ryouteki-Manzokujuubun, Medetai' of Kengu, 'Medetai' of Kikkyou and etc. was impossible. ③When both sides, 「N2ha(ga)+N1ga+A」 pattern of two-categories sentence and 「N1ha・ga+A」 pattern of one-category sentence, were available, it was often that transferred- adjective take two-categories sentence and original-adjective adopt one-category sentence. ④There were many types and usages in meaning group like 'Abstract relation, mind and act', but those in meaning group like 'Natural phenomenon' were very simple.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.