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A Study of relation between variety of negative expression and education in Japanese : Focusing on "~masen" and "~naidesu"

Kim,Young-Min 1

1가천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is focusing on relationship between polite negative sentence and Japanese education especially regarding to "masen" and "naidesu." Most text books currently used in universities in Korea takes "~masen" form for the basic form of the polite negative sentence in all word classes except "i-adjective." In most cases, the fact that "~masen" form is enough to express the polite negative sentence in Japanese education is prevalent. Tanomura's research of the polite negative sentence with newspaper sources supports that tendency. However, this tendency is not proper because the sentences used in newspaper takes literary style using “~masen" form frequently. In colloquial style, "~naidesu" form is used more dominantly in actual conversation than "~masen" form. Kobayashi (2005) supports this perspective on using the polite negative sentence by contrasting Tanomura's study. Thus, some textbooks which is focusing on the colloquial style for instant using in actual conversation limits "i-adjective" in "~naidesu" form. Through the study so far, the negative expression has various form in the glance at its form. Like this, the negative expression in Japanese has diverse characteristic. One takes the negative form and meaning at a time, but others have non-negative meaning while these take the negative form. Therefore, in Japanese education, textbooks that reflects the various characteristics of the negative forms in realistic and systematic way are needed. Taking proper balance between "~masen" and "~naidesu" is necessary to acquire both expression: "masen," for semi-formal experession and "naidesu," for semi-informal expression.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.