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A Study of ‘謂’ in The Nihonshoki

  • 日本硏究
  • 2019, (50), pp.7-26
  • DOI : 10.20404/jscau.2019.02.50.7
  • Publisher : The Center for Japanese Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Japanese Language and Literature
  • Received : December 31, 2018
  • Accepted : January 31, 2019
  • Published : February 20, 2019

kim yeon hwa 1

1중국연산대학

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The book of The NIHONSHOKI was completed in AD.720 years. This book is regarded as the first written history book of Japan from the origin tale to the Jito Tenno emperor. Because it is a history book, there are presented various kinds of people and many contents to describe speech act of the characters of the people in the book. To deal with the characters’ speech act there are used of many kinds of Kanji notations such as “曰・言・云・謂”. Even though they is letter to express the meaning of “say”, the writer would have chosen the kanji according to certain criteria. In this article, we firstly outlined the use of situation of “謂”, and then focusing on the examples used for utterance quotations considered two angles of the usage of “謂” which are the form of utterance citation, and the vertical relationship between the spoken subject and the object. “謂” is used as verb and noun. When “謂” is used as verb, it is used as quotation and it can be categorized into dialogue quote and general quote.When it is used as dialogue quote, it is mainly co-occurred with “曰” and is used as quoting for utterances to the same level and inferior person.

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