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Oxygen vacancy engineering of TiO2-x nanostructures for photocatalytic CO2 reduction

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2022, 32(7), pp.1671-1680
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-022-00385-z
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : April 19, 2022
  • Accepted : July 27, 2022
  • Published : December 1, 2022

Deng Hexia 1 Zhu Xueteng 1 Chen Zhangjing 1 Zhao kai 2 Cheng Gang 1

1Analysis and Testing Center and School of Chemistry and Environmental Engineering
2School of Materials Science and Energy Engineering, Foshan University

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The conversion of CO2 into solar fuels by photocatalysis is a promising way to deal with the energy crisis and the greenhouse effect. The introduction of oxygen vacancy into semiconductor has been proved to be an effective strategy for enhancing CO2 photoreduction performance. Herein, TiO2-x nanostructures have been prepared by a simple solvothermal method and engineered by the reaction time. With the prolonging of reaction time, the oxygen vacancy signal gradually increases while the band gap becomes narrow for the as-synthesized TiO2-x nanostructures. The results show that the TiO2-x-6 h, TiO2-x-24 h, and TiO2-x-48 h samples have the main product of CH4 (more) and CO (less) for CO2 photoreduction. Among the three oxygen vacancy photocatalysts, the TiO2-x-24 h sample shows the highest CH4 generation rate of 41.8 μmol g−1 h−1. On the basis of photo/electrochemical measurements, the TiO2-x-24 h sample exhibits efficient electron–hole separation and charge transfer capabilities, thus allows much more electrons to participate in the reaction and finally promotes the photocatalytic CO2 reduction reaction. It further confirms that the optimization of oxygen vacancy concentration could facilitate the photoinduced charge separation and accordingly improve photocatalytic CO2 conversion.

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