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Effect of MWCNT anchoring to the carbon fiber surface on the interlaminar property and fracture topography of carbon fabric/vinyl ester composites: comparisons between conventional and semi-spread carbon fabrics

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(2), pp.619-626
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-023-00625-w
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : September 5, 2023
  • Accepted : October 21, 2023
  • Published : March 28, 2024

Cheon Jinsil 1 Cho Donghwan 2

1금오공과대학교 고분자공학과
2금오공과대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the present work, multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) were anchored with the assistance of vinyl ester resin (VE) on the carbon fiber surfaces of conventional carbon fabrics (CCF) and semi-spread carbon fabrics (SSCF) having different areal density, ply thickness, and crimp number, respectively. Here, MWCNT anchoring means that MWCNT were physically attached on the individual carbon fiber surfaces of each fabric by coating with dilute VE and then by thermally curing it. The MWCNT anchoring effect on the interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) of CCF/VE and SSCF/VE composites was investigated. MWCNT were also simply applied (without physical attachment) to the carbon fiber surfaces of CCF and SSCF for comparison, respectively. It was found that SSCF/VE composites exhibited the ILSS higher than CCF/VE composites, regardless of simple-applying or anchoring of MWCNT, increasing the ILSS with the MWCNT concentration. It was noted that MWCNT anchoring was effective to improve not only the interlaminar adhesion but also the interfacial bonding between the carbon fiber and the matrix due to the formation of MWCNT bridges between the individual carbon fibers of SSCF, indicating that the MWCNT anchoring effect was more pronounced with SSCF than with CCF. The result of the interlaminar property was well supported by the fiber and composite fracture topography.

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