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Environmental sustainability through the utilization of seashell wastes in the development of MWCNT-reinforced nylon 66 composites

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(2), pp.731-742
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-023-00594-0
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : July 19, 2023
  • Accepted : September 1, 2023
  • Published : March 28, 2024

Balakrishnan Deepanraj 1

1Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd 대학교 공과대학 기계공학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper investigates the effect of seashell (SS) powders of 75 µm size, reinforced in multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)-added nylon 66 polymer composite, by studying its mechanical and thermal properties for suitable application in the automotive industry. Seashells were collected from the seashores and the mechanical ball milling method is employed to ground the SSs into powders using a sieve machine, and the desired particulate size of 75 µm is obtained. These particulate SSs are reinforced in the matrix of nylon 66 in different proportions, viz., 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15% by weight along with 1 wt.% of MWCNTs. Twin-screw extruder and injection molding are employed to prepare the testing specimens. Mechanical and thermal tests were carried out as per ASTM standards. From the mechanical and thermal analyses, it is observed that tensile strength and coefficient of linear thermal expansion decrease with an increase in SS content, whereas flexural strength, shore hardness, impact strength, Vicat softening point, and heat deflection temperature rise with higher wt.% of SSs. This is owing to the thermoplastic’s decreased flexibility, which increases its resilience to deflection and load and its high thermal stability. The added MWCNTs improved the bonding strength and mechanical properties due to their higher surface area-to-volume ratio.

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