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Microstructure and properties of copper matrix composites reinforced with Cu-doped graphene

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(5), pp.1317-1327
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-024-00689-2
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : October 11, 2023
  • Accepted : January 3, 2024
  • Published : June 14, 2024

Yang Xiaohong 1 Cheng Xingwang 1 Chen Yu 2 Xiao Peng 1

1Xi’an University of Technology
2Engineering Research Center of Conducting Materials and Composite Technology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an, People’s Republic of China

Accredited

ABSTRACT

To reduce production cost and inhibit the aggregation of graphene, graphene oxide and copper nitrate solution were used as raw materials in the paper. Cu particles were introduced to the graphene nanosheets by in-situ chemical reduction method in the hydrazine hydrate and sodium hydroxide solution, and the copper matrix composite reinforced with Cu-doped graphene nanosheets were fabricated by powder metallurgy. The synthesized Cu-doped graphene was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The relative density, hardness, electrical conductivity and tensile strength of the copper matrix composite reinforced with Cu-doped graphene were measured as well. The results show that copper ions and graphene oxide can be effectively reduced by hydrazine hydrate simultaneously. Most of oxygen functional groups on the Cu-doped graphene sheets can be removed dramatically, and Cu-doped graphene inhibit the graphene aggregation effectively. Within the experimental range, the copper matrix composites have good comprehensive properties with 0.5 wt% Cu-doped graphene. The tensile strength and hardness are 221 MPa and 81.6 HV, respectively, corresponding to an increase of 23% and 59% compared to that of pure Cu, and the electrical conductivity reaches up to 93.96% IACS. However, excessive addition of Cu-doped graphene is not beneficial for the improvement on the hardness and electrical conductivity of copper matrix composite.

Citation status

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