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Development and evaluation of an expedited system for creation of single walled carbon nanotube platforms

  • Carbon Letters
  • Abbr : Carbon Lett.
  • 2024, 34(5), pp.1343-1354
  • DOI : 10.1007/s42823-024-00691-8
  • Publisher : Korean Carbon Society
  • Research Area : Natural Science > Natural Science General > Other Natural Sciences General
  • Received : July 6, 2023
  • Accepted : January 3, 2024
  • Published : June 14, 2024

Ramirez Ivon Acosta 1 Sadak Omer 1 Sohail Wali 1 Huang Xi 1 Lu Yongfeng 1 Iverson Nicole M. 1

1University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT) have a strong and stable near-infrared (nIR) fluorescence that can be used to selectively detect target analytes, even at the single molecule level, through changes in either their fluorescence intensity or emission peak wavelength. SWNTs have been employed as NIR optical sensors for detecting a variety of analytes. However, high costs, long fabrication times, and poor distributions limit the current methods for immobilizing SWNT sensors on solid substrates. Recently, our group reported a protocol for SWNT immobilization with high fluorescence yield, longevity, fluorescence distribution, and sensor response, unfortunately this process takes 5 days to complete. Herein we report an improved method to immobilize SWNT sensors that only takes 2 days and results in higher fluorescence intensity while maintaining a high level of SWNT distribution. We performed surface morphology and chemical composition tests on the original and new synthesis methods and compared the sensor response rates. The development of this new method of attaching SWNT sensors to a platform allows for creation of a sensing system in just 2 days without sacrificing the advantageous characteristics of the original, 5-day platforms.

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