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A research about ideal type of human being in Tang period

  • 중앙사론
  • 2012, (36), pp.187-222
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Kim, Jong Seob 1

1서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Prenatal educational care(胎敎) is artificially creating a child's character but is not inherently to accept that is given. In the Han age(漢代), prenatal educational care was made to enlighten disorderly life of the imperial family, main targets were women. In the Tang age(唐代), education was valued to an unborn child at prenatal educational care, main targets changed to an unborn child. This change became a chance for spreading from imperial family to the people prenatal educational care. The main contents of prenatal educational care is contents of Zhouwenwang(周文王)`s mother. This contents of education was transmitted into after ages. According to development of society contents of prenatal educational care was diversified by medical books, buddhism etc. Liu Xiang(劉向) argued that ideal type of human being was 'a decent appearance(容貌端正)' and 'a great talent(才德過人)' through prenatal educational care. The Tang people(唐人) thought that ideal type of human being was 'filial piety and brotherly love(孝悌)', 'extraordinary'. It is a little difference to compare idea of Liu Xiang and Tang people. But this ideal type of human being was restricted to boundary of confucianism. This mean there is another function to prenatal educational care. That is a primary function in social control. Not only pregnant women but also her husband have to be careful of behavior until a child’s birth. As a result, prenatal educational care was contributed to stability of society. Therefore, in tang ages, prenatal educational care was operated as means of social control, produced ideal type of human being in limitation of confucianism.

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