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Mainland Chinese Immigrants in Hong Kong: Change and Continuity

  • 중앙사론
  • 2013, (37), pp.393-426
  • Publisher : Institute for Historical Studies at Chung-Ang University
  • Research Area : Humanities > History

Chang, Jung-a 1

1인천대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In Hong Kong as a migration society, the relationship between Hong Kongers and mainlanders as well as the attitude toward the mainland China have shown a complex pattern gradually since 1997 handover. However, throughout a series of the recent incidents, antipathy against the mainland migrants has increased and expressed collectively. This paper studied the policy change toward the mainland migrants in Hong Kong and analyzed the problem of separated families and the controversies over the mainland migrants. First, this study reviewed how the demographic policy in Hongkong government has changed with regard to the mainland migrants. It was found that although the mainland migrants have greatly contributed to the solution of aging population and low birth rate in Hongkong, the policy of Hong Kong government still aims to exclude the mainland migrants. Further, it was discussed that although the population of the mainland migrants in Hong Kong have in trend of more high education and lower ages gradually since the last 10 years, education and monthly salary level are still lower compared to the other native Hong Kongers. The problem of separated families between China and Hong Kong has improved in terms of government regulations but tragic situations still occur due to the policies. In particular, as mainlanders visit Hong Kong freely and frequently and gave a birth to children to have them the Hong Kong Identity Card, a new problem has arisen. This paper pointed out that these situations are related to the policies in Hong Kong government and discussed how and why this negative stigma on the mainland immigrants as well as the mainlanders by the Hong Kongers continues to be reproduced.

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