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A Study of word extension rules of “Shuowenjiezi Note" the 12th volume

유현아 1

1숙명여자대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

In the "Shuowen"(说文) research, Duan Yucai has explained a lot of word extension and then summarizes the corresponding theory and rules. According to the word extension mould summarized by Mr. Song Yongpei, the words in “Shuowen Duan Note"(说文段注) the 12th volume concerning “word extension” are found in this article. This preliminary study discuss which do they implied. Before studying the extension of a word , the original meaning of the word should be confirmed. In the area of research of word extension, Duan Yucai’s research is the most outstanding. In his "Shuowenjiezi Note"(说文解字注), he list the examples first, and then summarizes the derivation and extension rules. In his "ShuoWen Duan Note", there are six preliminary summary of the law of the ancient Chinese word extension as following: static-dynamic shift extension, object-subject shift extension, causal relationship shift extension, positive-negative transfer extension, concrete-abstract derivation and specific-general extension. This article is to discuss solely the 100 cases of words tagged by “word extension”, to examine the extension rules implied. Therefore, the analysis of those words’ meaning changes and extended way according their elements need to be further studied.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.