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Expressions of requests using give and receive verbs in the era of Meizi and Taisyo

YANG JUNGSOON 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Request expressions can be defined as expressions that demand or ask the other person to do certain movements. There are direct request expressions that ask the other person to do certain movements directly and indirect request expressions that ask the other person to do certain movements by describing the speaker's condition. The study analyzed gender and hierarchy of speakers and listeners who used ‘tekure’ and ‘tekudasai’ in dialog examples of the Meiji Period and the Taisho Period. In those periods, the modern Tokyo dialect was formed and established.『Toseishoseikatagi』in Meiji 10s,『Ukigumo』『Natsukodachi』『Tajotakon』in Meiji 20s,『Hakai』『Botchan』in Meiji 30s,『Huton』『Inakakyoshi』 in Meiji 40s and 『Aruonna』in the Taisho Period were analyzed for the study. ‘kure’ was used more by male speakers than female speakers. Examples by female speakers were shown on the novels after Meji 30s. In case of male speakers, they often used it to listeners with an equitable relationship at 『Toseishoseikatagi』in Meiji 10s but they often used it to younger listeners at『Hakai』in Meiji 30s. ‘okure’ was used more by female speakers than male speakers. Listeners were varied from older ones to younger ones. In case of female speakers, ‘okure’ was used more often at 『Aruonna』in the Taisho Period than the other novels. In case of male speakers, ‘okure’ was used only at 『Ukigumo』『Natsukodachi』and 『Hakai』. ‘Okurenasai’ was used outstandingly by female speakers on the form of ‘okunー’. In case of ‘kudasai’, female speakers used it more than male speakers at 『Toseishoseikatagi』 and 『Aruonna』but male speakers used it more than female speakers at 『Tajotakon』and 『Hakai』. Listeners were varied from older ones to younger ones. ‘o~kudasai’ was not shown until Meiji 20s but shown after Meiji 30s among the analyzed novels. According to gender, it was used a little bit more often by female speakers than male speakers. According to hierarchy, listeners were usually older than speakers. ‘o~nasatekudasai’ was used more often by male speakers than female speakers. Listeners were also usually older than speakers.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.