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A Study on Chinese Utopia Literature - TaohuaYuanji & Renmiantaohua

Kyung Seog Kim 1

1경희대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Since the Taoyuanming of Confucius an Arcadia (Taohuayuan), utopia imagined in China has continued to this day. Such utopian imagination has been shaped by a variety of literary texts. These works depict the human desires and frustrations that form the utopian imagination. Typically, an Arcadia (Taohuayuan) has been recognized as a symbol of East Asian utopia. An Arcadia (Taohuayuan) anarchism is the utopian character of this small country, based on sensitization of the Lao strong. An Arcadia (Taohuayuan) world ruling class does not exist. But Confucius thought a utopian world is possible to imagine on the premise of ‘Virtuous Policy’ (德治). By the late Qing Dynasty (淸末), Kangyouwei (康有爲) had written and presented a utopia realized through the system of the “East-West stand.” The literary text on utopia information in continued to experiment with implementation of the ‘imagined’ in the literature as “reality” of everyday life, immediately following the 1911 revolution in the People’s Republic of China. As an Avant garde writer, Gefei`s 「Renmiantaohua」 was influenced by the reflexive nature of the report on the point of the experiment. Gefei`s 「Renmiantaohua」 has been rated as an outstanding work depicting the implementation process and the frustration of the utopian imagination. He is an inspiration to vanguard artists who focus on the desire and the frustration of the utopian imagination through the 「Renmiantaohua」 myths and stories that are comparable to the Sijipuseu story, which in itself perpetuates utopia in literature. In this paper, we explored the trails to implementation of a utopian imagination that has persisted since the ancient Chinese in current literary text. An Arcadia (Taohuayuan) of Confucius and Taoyuanming accompanied Gefei in the 21st century in describing the process of desire and frustration to realize utopia through a variety of traditional shape figures among other favorites. The author interprets those frustrations and desires of the human life course as just utopian imagination.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.