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Changes in Peruvian Rural Society and Andean Peasant Communities: Beyond Utopian Communtarianism

  • Cross-Cultural Studies
  • 2024, 72(), pp.25-60
  • DOI : 10.21049/ccs.2024.72..25
  • Publisher : Center for Cross Culture Studies
  • Research Area : Humanities > Literature
  • Received : May 7, 2024
  • Accepted : June 11, 2024
  • Published : June 30, 2024

Ji-Hyun Seo 1

1부경대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Engaging in a critical study of the Orientalist interpretation of Latin America in Korean society, this research aims to examine the perspective of understanding the Andean region. To achieve this, the study introduces anthropologist Orin Starn's concept of 'Andeanism' and analyzes the discrepancy between how an outside observer perceives Andean society and the actual reality of the Andean peasant community. Andeanism refers to the perception that the Andean region and its inhabitants still maintain the communitarianism of the Inca Empire, which is based on reciprocal relationships. This perception, which is ahistorical and fixed to a specific place, shares similarities with the colonial cognitive framework described by Said in Orientalism. It dichotomizes the Andean region from the outer region and otherizes the Andean region by associating it solely with the Inca past and the specific place of the Andean highlands. This study aims to analyze the changing patterns of peasant communities in rural Andean society in Peru, using Starn's concept of Andeanism. By examining the reality of peasant communities undergoing internal and external changes through constant interaction with the outside society, the study aims to bridge the gap between the Orientalist interpretation of Andean society and reality

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