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A Study on Scenarios of Domestic Nuclear-terror Attacks and the Responses

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2012, 8(3), pp.163-186
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

박진희 1

1행정안전부 국립방재연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Today, nuclear terrorism is one of the most serious threat. Even a single nuclear terrorism occurs mass destruction and tremendous sufferings. These nuclear terrorism is founded in 1995 which are buried in a national park in Russia, 2001 September 11, 2003, including al-Qaeda dirty bomb which includes experimental evidence to date since the 1990s. Regarded as the final target of nuclear terrorism and the risk of its destruction are large. If such a nuclear accident, nuclear terrorism occurs naturally as if you continued to see the damage to be caused by release of radioactivity. Korea faced a lot of terrorism by North Korea. There are cheonan-am's destruction, events such as indiscriminate shelling yeonpyeong-do. As nuclear power plants have set over the no-fly zone, but the possibility of air attacks on air defenses are weak but the actual response against a missile attack on nuclear facilities has not been established. Furthermore, the number of nuclear power plants in Korea and nuclear power plant's density are the highest level in the world. So, it is necessary to ensure the safety of residents in the event of nuclear terrorism because of preventing the ravages of air defense network strategy. Therefore this study proposes the following defensive strategy. First, the nuclear facilities safety management need to be strengthened. Second, the disaster prevention has to improve through education and training. Rapid response to nuclear terrorism and the Severe Accident Management are needed in order to repair the damage. Third, improve the Emergency Planning Zone. Emergency Planning Zone of the domestic considers the potential risks based on the precautionary principle, including a range of land and waters , so within 30km is appropriate. Fourth, when the gamma rays or subatomic particles slam into the scintillator, the radioactivity that can help identify the electrical pulses should be established. Finally, radioactive contamination range forecasting and delivery system against nuclear terrorism must be prepared, and finally the press and public relations crisis management communications are needed.

Citation status

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