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The Crisis of Local Politics and the Possibility of Change of Political Cleavages - Focused on the Regional Cleavage Structure of Busan -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(6), pp.183-206
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

In Suck Joo 1

1동아대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the impact of political cleavages in Korean politics on the local politics in Busan and the possibility of change of previously existing political cleavage structure. This study also tries to find legal-institutional and political reform proposals for normalization and vitalization of Busan’s local politics. In nation-wide level, we can see some surprising electoral results which overcome the strong ‘Yeong-Nam vs. Ho-Nam regional cleavage.’ In Busan, we can witness that the traditional basis of regional cleavage structure has been eroded. From local election to presidential election, for example, the vote mobilization rate of conservative party and candidates has been declined. In contrast, the support for opposition party and candidates has been increased steadily. For a vitalization of local politics in Busan, first of all, political actors have to develop intended strategies to overcome the traditional regional cleavage structure. Especially, the central organization of the opposition party has to build its local party organizations and to provide them with long-term, personnel and material supports. Second, the proportional representative(PR) has to be widely adopted and applied to each election from local to presidential election. This seems to lead the existing two-party competition based the regional cleavage structure to a multi-party competition in local politics.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.