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Language Expressions by Laypersons Observing Cardiac Arrest Situations and Determinants of Cardiac Arrest Recognition

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(11), pp.73-89
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Jung Eun-kyung 1

1호남대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The study aims to predict the determinants affecting cardiac arrest recognition through decision tree analysis on language expressions used by laypersons observing a cardiac arrest patient. The survey period was March 1, 2013 through March 31, 2014. The breathing expression was found as a common factor affecting cardiac arrest recognition among the survey participants. They showed low recognition levels of cardiac arrest with unconsciousness and convulsion or abnormal breathing, while they showed the highest recognition on cardiac arrest with unconsciousness and apnea. They used expressions like: 'is breathing’, ‘normal breathing’, ‘seizure’ for the cardiac arrest situations with abnormal breathing and convulsion. Thus, in order to enhance cardiac arrest recognition before patients are taken to the hospital, audiovisual training and education programs should be provided to patients with a risk of cardiac arrest.

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