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Risk or Opportunity?: Ambivalence and Social Integration among North Korean Refugees

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(4), pp.19-43
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.4.19
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : February 28, 2017
  • Accepted : March 31, 2017
  • Published : April 30, 2017

Jin Bae, Sul 1 Eun-Hee Song 2

1연세대학교
2국가안보전략연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to explore the ambivalent characteristics of North Korean refugees and seek the direction of social integration policy in South Korea. To achieve this, 20 in-depth interviews were conducted along with the review of the policies and supporting system for North Korean refugees. The main results are as follows: First, North Korean refugees as the policy target have been defined in various ways, such as South Korean citizens, defectors, refugees or migrants. Second, the respondents perceived their dual identity as South Korean born in North Korea and North Korean with South Korean citizenship. Third, they showed ambivalent attitudes in economic adjustment process and in equality of opportunity. From a perspective of social integration among North Korean refugees, the practical implications of the results were discussed.

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