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The Effects of Social Support and Self-esteem on the Relationship between Anxiety/Depression and Posttraumatic Growth among Korean Firefighters

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2018, 14(3), pp.171-184
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2018.14.3.171
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : December 28, 2017
  • Accepted : February 22, 2018
  • Published : March 31, 2018

Soo Min Kim 1 Namhee Choi 2 Ryu, Jeong 3

1중앙대학교
2서울내러티브연구소
3서경대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study was designed for the purpose of investigating if anxiety and depression could affect posttraumatic growth as much as posttraumatic stress among firefighters in Korea. We consider social support as an external resource and self-esteem as an internal resource, and examine their roles in the mechanism between anxiety/depression and posttraumatic growth. As a result of descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, linear regression analysis and hierarchical regression analysis, we found that (1) social support and self-esteem increased posttraumatic growth directly or indirectly via anxiety reduction, (2) social support decreased depression significantly while self-esteem did not influence on depression, and (3) depression had no relationship with posttraumatic growth. These results suggest that both extra and intrapersonal resources should be used to enhance firefighters’ posttraumatic adjustment and growth only through anxiety reduction.

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