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The Correlation between Knowledge and Attitude Factors towards Brain Dead Organ Donation among Nurses at Special Units in South Korea

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2019, 15(11), pp.17-26
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2019.15.11.17
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : August 21, 2019
  • Accepted : October 28, 2019
  • Published : November 30, 2019

Young Ran Oh 1 OGCHEOL LEE 2

1중앙대학교 적십자간호대학
2중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Due to the advancement of medical technology, the demand for organ transplantation through brain-dead organ donation from chronic patients has greatly increased. The purpose of the study was to investigate the knowledge and attitudes toward brain-dead organ donation among nurses who are more likely to encounter brain death cases or potential cases. The subjects were 107 nurses working in an emergency room, medical intensive care unit, surgical intensive care unit, and operating room of a general hospital in Seoul, Korea. The average score of knowledge about organ donation was 10.79 out of 20 and the average attitude score was 3.47 out of 5. The level of knowledge varies by age, career and educational exposure, while the level of attitude differs by workplaces. There was no significant correlation between knowledge and attitude, but knowledge had a significant positive correlation with cognitive attitude as a sub-factor. In conclusion, knowledge of organ donation among nurses in special departments was moderate, and their attitudes were rather positive. The results suggested the development of need-based educational programs on organ donation along with an intervention study to measure their educational effectiveness.

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