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Selecting Forest Fire Vulnerable Regions Based on Biophysical and Socioeconomic Factors in Gangwon Province

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2020, 16(3), pp.133-144
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2020.16.3.133
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : February 28, 2020
  • Accepted : March 24, 2020
  • Published : March 31, 2020

Mina Jang 1 Young Jin Lee 2

1공주대학교 산림자원학과
2공주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to assess forest fire vulnerability by considering both biophysical and socioeconomic factors. The forest fire vulnerability index was mapped on a census tract level based on population, economy, information and location factors in Gangwon Province. The proxy variables for the index include ‘people older than 65 years, people younger than 15 years; rental houses, houses of 60㎡ or less, houses over 20 years old, people with an elementary school education or less, forest-urban interface areas within 30m, and coniferous areas. A statistical analysis was conducted on the amount of forest fire damage and the number of fire occurrences to identify the impact of each factor of forest fire vulnerability. Both the damage amount and the frequency of forest fires were higher in areas adjacent to forests than in urban areas where population and buildings are concentrated. The forest fire vulnerability map developed in this study can be used as the basic data to assign priorities in practices concerning forest fire prevention and response.

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