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Effects of Age, Cohort, and Period on Political Orientation - A Pilot Study on the 2008 and 2018 Surveys -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2020, 16(4), pp.103-117
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2020.16.4.103
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : February 25, 2020
  • Accepted : March 18, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Hyoungjoon Jeon 1

1단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study compares the results of two surveys conducted in 2008 and 2018 in South Korea to find out how political orientation remains consistent or changes over time depending on age, cohort, and period. To calculate the magnitudes of the three effects, it used longitudinal, cross-sectional, and time-lag differences. Based on the assumption that one of these effects does not exist, the other effects were measured as observed values. According to the 2008 survey, those born before 1959 were relatively conservative, while those born after 1959 were relatively progressive. However, three groups were identified in the 2018 survey, and the most progressive group was those born between 1969 and 1978 rather than the youngest group. Assuming that there was no period effect, the conservativeness of those who were born between 1949 and 1958 and the neutral attitude of those born between 1959 and 1968 were interpreted as a cohort effect. However, no specific effect was found for those born between 1979 and 1989.

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