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The Effects of Gender Equality and Work-family Balance on Attitude toward the Necessity of Having Children

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2020, 16(6), pp.17-35
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2020.16.6.17
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : April 28, 2020
  • Accepted : June 3, 2020
  • Published : June 30, 2020

Jinhyun Kim 1 Song Young Ji 1 Kim, Saebom 1

1부산대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aims to identify the impact of gender equality and work-family balance on attitude toward the necessity of having children. The survey data were collected from 800 adults aged 19 years and older living in the D region of Busan, Korea, and analyzed using SPSS 25.0 statistical package for descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test and multiple regression. The results showed that a high perception of gender equality was significantly associated with a positive attitude toward the necessity of having children. However, those experiencing more difficulties with work-family balance felt more burden of child rearing and had a negative perception toward the necessity of having children. On the other hand, the perception of utilizing work-family balance policy did not have a significant effect on the necessity of having children. Based on these findings, this study suggested the importance of work-family balance based on the perception of gender equality as a way to overcome the low fertility and provided implications for population and family welfare policies.

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