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Improving National Crisis and Emergency Management through a Core System - A Lesson from the COVID-19 Disaster -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2020, 16(7), pp.23-49
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2020.16.7.23
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : June 26, 2020
  • Accepted : July 14, 2020
  • Published : July 31, 2020

Sung Eun Jung 1

1행정안전부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to find out the problems and improvement measures on the national crisis and emergency management system in South Korea through the core system. Based on the lesson from the COVID-19 disaster, this study analyzed the five major elements of a core system and four stages of crisis management model. The recommendations from this study are as follows; (① value) the value of human respect should be preserved during the pandemic, regarding funeral, high-cost vaccine and treatment, (② prevention) the Infectious Disease Control and Prevention Act should be revised in a way to expand the authority of local government for infectious disease management, (③ preparedness) the crisis management manual should be revised to raise the alert levels, (④ response) rapid propagation, transparent disclosure, excessive government response, active civic cooperation would be needed, (⑤ recovery) the actual amount of the damage to the medical institutions should be compensated, (⑥ leadership) the prime minister should serve as a head of the Central Disaster and Safety Countermeasures Headquarters, (⑦ devotion) country-wide dedication and commitment would be needed along with appropriate compensation system, and (⑧ expertise) rapid diagnosis, treatment and contact tracing using digital technology would be critical.

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