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The Effects of Behavioral Inhibition and Expressed Emotion on Depression and Anxiety: The Moderated Mediating Effect of Self-Compassion

  • Clinical Psychology in Korea: Research and Practice
  • 2020, 6(4), pp.283-307
  • DOI : 10.15842/CPKJOURNAL.PUB.6.4.283
  • Publisher : Korean Clinical Psychology Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science > Clinical Psychology
  • Received : November 19, 2020
  • Accepted : December 27, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

JungJin Ha 1 Park Soo Hyun ORD ID 1

1연세대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examined the moderated mediating effect of self-compassion through the degree of expressed emotion in the family on the effect of behavioral inhibition on depressive and anxiety symptoms. About 245 university students completed the following questionnaires: Korean version of Retrospective Self-Report of Inhibition (RSRI), Korean Levels of Expressed Emotion (K-LEE), Korean-version of Self-compassion Scale (K-SCS), Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). The main findings were as follows. First, behavioral inhibition, expressed emotion, self-compassion, and depressive and anxiety symptoms showed statistically significant correlations. Second, the results of bootstrapping indicated that expressed emotion mediated the effect of behavioral inhibition on depression and anxiety. Third, the moderation effect of self-compassion on the relationship between expressed emotion and depression was statistically significant based on hierarchical regression and slope analyses. Finally, self-compassion also moderated the mediating effect of behavioral inhibition on depressive symptoms via expressed emotion. The implications and limitations of this study are also discussed.

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