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A Study on the Principles of Battle Formation in an Ancient Time

Hong, Eul-Pyo 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In an ancient time, the formation(陣) was to display personnel, equipment and facilities to fit into the topographical battleground condition, and disposition(陣法) was the way of formation anandts management. On od co words, the battle formation in an ancient time is equivalent to engagement technique and disposition to plan of operation in a modern sense. In order to analyse the principle of disposition, this study was researched the origin and transmission of disposition followed by an investigation of the principle of line up and its operations. Finally, this study also attempts if this can be applied to a modern combat. In this study, I found that disposition in ancient time were based on the following principles. (1) It is constructed on the basis of Hado(河圖), Palgwae(八卦) and Gujeongbeop(九井法). (2) Its organization is made based on Oje(伍制)(3) Branch of the army and equipment were composed with mixture. (4) Line up is made according to topographical condition. (5) The transformation principle is explained as Jeokjolsibiseong(赤卒十二星). (6) Five steps of strategy are employed: Iljin(progression, 一陣), Yikwang (expansion, 二廣), Samhyeop(recession, 三挾), Sawi(offense, 四圍) and Ochwi (acquisition, 五取). (7) The principle of disposition is implicated in a signal “Sipwonbanggak(十圓方角)"The ancient formation can be summarized in a word as a ‘moving trap.' If laying a mine and an obstacle can be a sort of trap and a means of line up, ‘trap' or ‘the principle of disposition' may be the same in the modern combat.

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