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Response of the Left Gyeongsang Province of Joseon Troop in the Early Phase of the Japanese Invasion, 1592

Jinsoo Kim 1

1육군3사관학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

JapaneseInvasion ofKorea in 1592,asa partofa largeinternational war,hadsuch agreatrippleeffectthatitbroughtvariouschangesin all areas of society and politics of the East Asian region. Factors that contributed to overcoming the war were the activities ofJoseon's naval forcesand arighteousarmy,leadership ofthegeneralsandadmiralsand others.Aboveall,activitiesoftherighteousarmywerehighlyregardedand recognizedasamajorfactorofovercomingthewareven today.In regard to riposteofleftGyeongsang provinceatthebeginning ofthewar,prior studiesdealtwith itsuperficially,thegovernmentTroopsnearly collapsed and righteous army took the initiative.However,taking a closerlook at theinsidefacts,wefind outthatdespitecollapseofa lineofcommand duetoJapaneselargeinvasion,notafew ofthegovernmentcommanders ofleftGyeongsangprovincedefendedthefortsin theirassignedarea.Also,in areas which localgovernmentofficers left,in place ofthem,scholar groups or former officers in the region raised up forces by gathering scattered soldiers and fought against the Japanese, taking their own militaryactions. Afterward,as CommanderPark jin ofleftGyeongsang province troops took Andongjin as a military base, Joseon army of left Gyeongsang province began to establish a line ofmilitary command in earnestand rebuilta military force.Itwas possible because there were activities of Gwon eung-su, who commanded the government Troops and righteous army in Gyeongju and Daegu, repulsing the Japanese army and intercepting its attack. As a result, Joseon army of left Gyeongsang province'sfightingaspectchanged from defenseoflocalmilitarybaseinto anoverallandanorganizedcounterattacklikerecapturingatown fortand conducting surprises attack on the Japanese troops. In addition,Yeongcheon fortandGyeongjufort,which werein strategiclocations,were recapturedandthesituationofthewarturnedinfavoroftheJoseon.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.