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Military Tactics system and Jeju Island War-horse in the Early Period of Joseon Dynasty

Choi hyeong guk 1

1중앙대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study is on the correlations between productions of War-horses on Jeju Island with the progress of tactics and on strategy based on the change of international relations with northern race, Jurchen, in the Early period of Joseon. The reinforcement of the cavalry among the change of tactics according to the change of international relations in the early Joseon dynasty had brought expansion of policy for cavalry. Therefore, Jeju Island became the center for producing horses for battle under the best environment. First, primary and secondary conquests against northern race progressed with analysis of battle history during King Sejong’s reign had become a base for reorganization of cavalry oriented tactics. As a result, books on strategy 『Jinbup』,『Kyechookjinseol』 published in King Sejong’s reign were composed in the way to reinforce calvary tactics. Especially, strong trends for reinforcement of cavalry would be found by the case which northern race’s cavalry tactic 'Jounjin' was directly accepted and spread to all the soldiers in Joseon dynasty from the strategy book 『Kyechookjinseol』. Additionally, the development for the cavalry oriented tactics was found as well and the ratio of Infantry to cavalry was 5:5 from the formation 『Owuijinbup』, King MoonJong. According to the reinforcement for cavary policy, centralized management agencies had focused on Jeju horse ranch to produce War-horses since King Sejong’s reign. However, the limitation of producing war horses was emerged by loss in transit with distinct characteristics of the island and degeneration of breed caused by continuous horse collection. Consequently, import for breeding horses and reclamation of new horse ranch near Kanghwa island in Jeonla province where has similar regional characteristics as Jeju island to raise horses could be solutions to overcome the limitations of producing horses.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.