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A Comparative Study on the Military System of the Korean Navy in the Joseon Period before and after the Imjin Japanese Invasion

Na seung hak 1

1청주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The organization and military training of the Navy before and after the Imjin Japanese Invasion have been compared and studied in order to take a look at the military systems of Joseon in the same period of that dynasty. The Navy of Joseon dynasty prior to the Imjin Japanese Invasion was organized by limiting the jurisdiction in the coastal regions, an action that was done in the 7th year of King Tae-jo. This was necessary, since it became harder for the coastal people to take the burden of military service upon themselves locally. It was subsequently changed into a nationwide general military category in order not to impose a harsh burden on locals. In addition to that, the number of the navy troops were increased, and military shipbuilding and improvement had been developed during the era of King Jeong-jong. However, the contradiction and weaknesses of the effectiveness of the Navy in Joseon Period had been displayed. Existing tactics were far inferior to match a proper response to the Japanese forces, so the Joseon military forces had to go through a process of overhauling maintenance and revision of the Joseon's military strategies and tactics. The overall findings in this study indicate that the military system of the Joseon Navy went through significant changes. In particular, the strategy was highly organized with a change in organizational formation, and there was specialization in military training aspects. A lesson can be learned by comparing the military system of the Joseon Navy before and after the Imjin Japanese Invasion, namely, that the Korean society makes incessant changes, and strategic tactics have to be newly established in order to meet the changes of times and in society. That is to say, it is essential to correctly understand the demand of the environmental changes, in order to establish and apply strategic tactics for appropriate organizational formulation and military training.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.